How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

21.02.2021
1 752 145 Näkymät

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Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
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Destin

Kommentteja
  • 1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

    SmarterEveryDaySmarterEveryDay3 päivää sitten
    • Dude - what language is the Submariner with glasses and baseball cap speaking, the subtitle didn't clarify his words?

      Super Yacht ChefSuper Yacht Chef6 minuuttia sitten
    • -Matter didn’t create anti matter -Anti matter didn’t create matter (Both of them were present at the time of big bang) -Both of them didn’t create themselves. -Both of them came from an unimaginable source, that unimaginable source created matter and antimatter (everything) thats why it is known as “the creator” of everything. ------ - that unimaginable source/creator has created sin and virtue which are opposite to each other, - logic says every action has its own reaction, so the reaction of sin must be different than the reaction of virtue, - the creator has created prophets to let us know about each and every detail of sin and virtue, also about their reactions, Thank you :)

      dotdot2 tuntia sitten
    • @Malinda Macrone so many different ways that "opp" can be interpreted as.

      MackASmack LickadySlapMackASmack LickadySlap6 tuntia sitten
    • @Malinda Macrone what?

      MackASmack LickadySlapMackASmack LickadySlap6 tuntia sitten
    • @MackASmack LickadySlap 0pp

      Malinda MacroneMalinda Macrone6 tuntia sitten
  • Fascinating!

    HaunterOfKantoHaunterOfKanto10 minuuttia sitten
  • Great series!

    raha1277raha127713 minuuttia sitten
  • Do the candles at least smell good?

    Tarvis 52Tarvis 5215 minuuttia sitten
  • Can't just type in the link, works from here. I click the headphones, 404 Page Not Found. If I m going to spend that much, better come with a resonance helmet.

    Green NightsGreen Nights15 minuuttia sitten
  • real life oxygen not included

    Biscuit ُBiscuit ُ16 minuuttia sitten
  • 4:35 that guy in the bg is legend😂😂😂😂😂

    Aron KoglerAron Kogler19 minuuttia sitten
  • We do not create Oxygen, it is separated out of water, which is made up of hydrogen and oxygen.

    Cam MitchelCam Mitchel22 minuuttia sitten
  • Did he say "Nine Inch Nail"?!

    burleydadburleydad24 minuuttia sitten
  • I love you Destin

    1 stp klosr1 stp klosr27 minuuttia sitten
  • Those candles 100% remind me of the SolidOX soldering bars you used to be able to buy at a hardware store. Same thing on them too. Some sort of perchlorate compound in a small ( the size of a roll of US quarters) with a red phosphorous tip. Light it, stick it in the holder, and it pushes out oxygen enriched gas that we used to melt copper down with. The spent bar was a strange slag looking bread textured thing. Just like those clinkers. I bet these are the same things just bigger.

    astrong0astrong030 minuuttia sitten
  • They are indeed, very fine bubbles. On both sides.

    Joseph F PortelliJoseph F Portelli30 minuuttia sitten
  • So if you do electrolysis on the salt water and get H2 and Cl what happens to the oxygen and sodium?

    Adam SullivanAdam Sullivan34 minuuttia sitten
  • Next: how do international space station make oxygen?

    Nadeem SadeiaNadeem Sadeia34 minuuttia sitten
  • I feel like you could take the amount of carbon dioxide that was produced and put it through some fancy machine and find out what somebody said based on how much carbon dioxide they created and in which patterns to make words

    Matthew HunterMatthew Hunter38 minuuttia sitten
  • Claustrophobia, freaking out just watching.

    Green NightsGreen Nights39 minuuttia sitten
  • When you learn more in this video then a year in chemistry gcse

    Alfie BeeAlfie Bee43 minuuttia sitten
  • A boy asked a girl in a library: "Do you mind if I sit next to you"? The girl replied with a loud angry voice; "I don't want to spend the night with you !! Everyone in the library started looking at the boy and felt embarrassed. After a few minutes the girl walked calmly to the boy's table and said: I study psychology and I know what the man is thinking, I suppose you felt ashamed, right? The boy answered out loud: $ 300 for one night That's too much! and all the people in the library looked at the girl in shock and the boy whispered in her ear, "I study laws and I know how to make someone guilty ... 🤭 If you like the comment, please "write" on my channel ... I know I misspelled spelling and grammar 🤗 But FIstream doesn't allow promotion ... It only takes 5 seconds, thanks ❤️🙏🏻 [If you don't want to sub ***** e, that's fine, but don't spread the hate ..

    OFFICIALLY SPARSHOFFICIALLY SPARSH44 minuuttia sitten
  • I wonder what kind of strings he pulled to video tape on a nuclear submarine and demonstrate the equipment.

    blaster 0416blaster 041649 minuuttia sitten
  • So what does Destin actually do for a living? He is incredibly smart!

    Michael StoneMichael Stone50 minuuttia sitten
  • Destins next video “remember those oxygen candles I showed you. I made those same ones But larger

    David CraddockDavid Craddock55 minuuttia sitten
  • 8:22 that's such an effective visualization.

    如月飛羽如月飛羽59 minuuttia sitten
  • Was kinda hoping there was just a room full of potted plants somewhere on the sub

    Lo Kiwi NaLo Kiwi Na59 minuuttia sitten
  • this guy should be on the tv

    VICTOR MANUEL FLOREZ FRANCOVICTOR MANUEL FLOREZ FRANCOTunti sitten
  • Are you named after Destin Florida? Never heard that name before until I went there lol.

    Jason RhomeJason RhomeTunti sitten
  • Like that game Oxygen not included but irl

    Whiskey Delta 40Whiskey Delta 40Tunti sitten
  • Someday compare this to what they have to do on the International Space Station. Low gravity makes this all much harder.

    Eric WaltersdorfEric WaltersdorfTunti sitten
  • So the rate of Oxygen consumed to burn the candle is far less than the rate of Oxygen released from burning the candle?

    Chethan BurreChethan BurreTunti sitten
  • An answer to the thumbnail before watching: because the substance they're surrounded by is a third oxygen. Jeez.

    Christopher EshlemanChristopher EshlemanTunti sitten
  • "So where did you learn all this?" "In the Navy" "In the Navy?" "Yes, in the Navy" *Village People music starts playing*

    Nick FedorovNick FedorovTunti sitten
  • What are you doing in there bothering those people for your own benefit when they are busy protecting american ?

    gunit 010gunit 010Tunti sitten
  • Isn't the sub docked on the surface during this video? They still burn oxygen candles when they're surfaced? I would have thought they'd just ventilate air from outside.

    WingfootMcNovaWingfootMcNovaTunti sitten
  • HEY - was that the Mythbusters artist?

    redstang5150redstang5150Tunti sitten
  • -------- Original message -------- From: John Harpe Date: 2/24/21 8:43 AM (GMT-08:00) To: John Harpe Subject: Dear GSED, Thank you for your FIstream productions. I have enjoyed many. A recent offering brought to attention “Central Atmospheric Monitoring Station” (or something along those lines) on nuclear submarines for crew oxygen and carbon dioxide management. Having a background as a retired First Responder and Respiratory Therapist myself, I hope you don’t mind me asking an academic question regarding ship HVAC designs that can possibly destroy aerial microbes from the atmospheric while encouraging air and droplet microbes to enter a floor ventilation intake away from hands and noses, and then is ionized and temperature controlled as it travels up wall passages to be re-introduced above a Sailors head. Air movement is then encouraged to move from top down. I believe the end effect would be like being in the center of a toroidal vortex gas movement, but the recirculated air is N95 filtered and USN sterilized before overhead reintroduction. Thank you kindly😊

    John HarpeJohn HarpeTunti sitten
  • The only submarines I have been in to is "KOSATKA", it got everything a person needs, A sleeping Quarter Kitchen with Beer, Pizza, and Red Caviar Bedroom TV Obviously, it armed with Torpedo and Missiles,

    Snow axeSnow axeTunti sitten
  • 4:55

    The Great AvocadoThe Great AvocadoTunti sitten
  • you can engage with a human.

    DualityDualityTunti sitten
  • As much as I envied their port calls, I still am happy I was on the Ohio class subs

    werealldead_ _werealldead_ _Tunti sitten
  • They just dump the oxygen out into the walkway? I expected some kind of ducting everywhere

    FerdinandFakeFerdinandFakeTunti sitten
  • Why not build a plant 🌱 room on submarine? We have the lights for indoor growth and it would be a natural way to removed the CO2 and get oxygen! It also has the potential to look really cool with plants all over a submarine.

    Elijah WestElijah WestTunti sitten
  • Ya oxygen candles got me I thought I knew what I was talking about but I guess now I am smarter . Thanks ❤️

    Daniel LewandowskiDaniel LewandowskiTunti sitten
  • The guys coming in and seeing the camera and just backing out hahaha

    RhazienRhazien2 tuntia sitten
  • Dont wanna go into this complicated stuff.. but there a lot of stuff in the screen right now and thats what happening. Killed me

    Alfred PetersbourgAlfred Petersbourg2 tuntia sitten
  • 17:27 Why your chemical reactions aren't balanced??? Would you write 2 + 2 = 5???

    will2seewill2see2 tuntia sitten
  • The "preheating" of the rich amine (23:37) is probably just a part where excess heat from something else hot on the sub is reused to make this process require less heat. He mentioned a heat exchanger, and after more thought, I would guess it is the heat from pressurizing the CO2. I'd bet money that they have a lot more heat generated than can be dissipated by the sub, so they probably want to minimize their heat generation wherever possible

    Aaron McdanielAaron Mcdaniel2 tuntia sitten
  • The shiny pantry topically whine because arithmetic observationally zip off a young hedge. narrow, sloppy air

    Majed MarjiMajed Marji2 tuntia sitten
  • Oh boy, gonna be interesting to see the crew react to the covid lockdowns.

    KyotraKyotra2 tuntia sitten
  • Awesome. Curious. They said change candles every 2 hours. But are the candles only supplementing the main oxygen? A GREAT channel. Thanks for sharing all of this.

    mlfsupmlfsup2 tuntia sitten
  • of course the dude from ohio is named Dow... hello from the mansfield area lol

    Tyler ChriseTyler Chrise2 tuntia sitten
  • Destin, sooner or later you'll end up rading the ISS itself. Like what you're doing here, I just know it.

    Nio MartinezNio Martinez2 tuntia sitten
  • Submarines are a class of demigod, they contain the people they consumed and rarely see water.

    Fred FlintstoneFred Flintstone2 tuntia sitten
  • When the oxygen levels are low and Destin just wants to learn cool things, meanwhile everyone else just wants to breathe

    Aaron McdanielAaron Mcdaniel2 tuntia sitten
  • Fork Handles!

    turb0m0nk3yturb0m0nk3y2 tuntia sitten
  • North Korea has joined the chat....

    Russell ReillyRussell Reilly2 tuntia sitten
  • "A class delta fire isn't something you want to deal with on a submarine" I work in a rescue team in the petrochemical industry. A class delta fire isn't something I wanna deal with ANYWHERE.

    Michael LundyMichael Lundy2 tuntia sitten
  • 6:07 Cameo by "Bass Pro Shops". Hey Destin, do they fish when surfacing? Is it like - let's catch us some fresh tuna in free time?

    The Babocks' ShowThe Babocks' Show2 tuntia sitten
  • I work in refrigeration tell them to throw away those H10s. Piece of unreliable garbage. D-Tek stratus is the way to go

    thomasj1026thomasj10262 tuntia sitten
  • Dustin, this series inside the submarine has been so enjoyable to watch. What a thrilling series of videos. Thank you to you for bringing this to us and thank you to the US Navy for allowing this to happen.

    strkeoutstrkeout2 tuntia sitten
  • So Logic quit his rapping career to join the navy as part of a submarine crew

    Hass HHass H2 tuntia sitten
  • You can use electrolysis on seawater to make chlorine in the various heat exchangers to minimize marine fouling from things growing in the nice warm water.

    IOIOOIIOIOIOIOOIIOIO2 tuntia sitten
  • 7:50 Of course i know this, it was in Dr.Stone anime

    not a catnot a cat2 tuntia sitten
  • If we ever get trapped in a sadistic type of game on a submarine by a maniac, at least we now know how to not die by suffocation. :D

    SwissCheesy_ezSwissCheesy_ez3 tuntia sitten
  • At 1:00 that music reminds me of some other series that has a place in my heart :) also the way the footage was done.

    DualityDuality3 tuntia sitten
  • weird navy ad, theyre really trying lol, nice science though

    fab0fab03 tuntia sitten
  • and this video’s free?

    Hrithik GeorgeHrithik George3 tuntia sitten
  • That interview basically went That's interesting Can you show me..

    TheOtherDanTheOtherDan3 tuntia sitten
  • I for one am very glad that you exist Destin. Every video you make is just full of stupidly interesting information that we just wouldn't be exposed to otherwise.

    Michael EdlinMichael Edlin3 tuntia sitten
  • i served in the Royal Navy on submarines so i thought id watch out of curiosity. Very surprised O2 candles are still used. in 2007 there was a major incident on HMS Tireless which killed 2 of the ships company due to a contaminated candle and since then they are only been used in emergency situations.

    Spooge RlSpooge Rl3 tuntia sitten
  • The guy let him light the candle seems like a good dude

    Christopher KendrexChristopher Kendrex3 tuntia sitten
  • imagine checking the oxygen levels.... and then the impostor stabs you in the back...xD

    PitchB1ackPitchB1ack3 tuntia sitten
  • Pshh who paints their diesel yellow

    CrashKaijuCrashKaiju3 tuntia sitten
  • FN Awesome video!

    vmwindustriesvmwindustries3 tuntia sitten
  • Monoethanolamine is a base in a lot of car wash chemicals, smarter every day i guess 🤔

    Kyle ZucaroKyle Zucaro3 tuntia sitten
  • 4:36 oops sorry

    Mr Hmm QuachMr Hmm Quach3 tuntia sitten
  • 4:55 Look At The man behind him!

    Mohamadamin YarahmadiMohamadamin Yarahmadi3 tuntia sitten
  • “SCIENCE, XO, SCIENCE!”

    drumermpdrumermp3 tuntia sitten
  • If it is that easy to make hydrogen and oxygen why don't they run a sub on hydrogen?

    nalkmt1441nalkmt14413 tuntia sitten
  • The term "clinker" is a railroad term. It refers to throwing coal into the boiler of a steam engine. If there are small rocks in the coal pile they don't burn. Thus they drop to the fire grate and make a clinking sound on the metal.

    Justin FowlerJustin Fowler3 tuntia sitten
  • The atmospheric controls have come a long way since I was in the Submarine service before the days of O2 Generators.

    Eddie ForceEddie Force3 tuntia sitten
  • This series is amazing. Also, best channel on FIstream.

    Brandon DorrisBrandon Dorris3 tuntia sitten
  • I have a question how were you able to get access to go on a sub?

    Nelson OrtizNelson Ortiz4 tuntia sitten
  • Hi Destin, love your videos, I learn so much from them everyday. I’d like to answer why they use a preheater in the MEA column. (Chemical engineer here). Absorbing CO2 by MEA is a reversible reaction with an equilibrium. MEA holds CO2 only at lower temperatures, heating it up releases it as it does in the stripper which is a pressurized boiler. This produces lean MEA, but hot lean MEA cannot absorb CO2. To shift the equilibrium back in favor of absorbing CO2, we have to cool it. So why use energy to heat the MEA and then energy to cool it back down? Instead use the hot lean MEA exiting the stripper to heat the cold rich MEA entering the stripper. Viola, you solved the cooling and heating energy requirements (this is not 100% efficient ofcourse but you’re saving huge here). This is called heat integration (heat recovery) Remember the submariner said there’s a heat exchanger (HEX). The preheater you didn’t understand the purpose of is this HEX. Hope you learnt something today as did I. Cheers

    Miror MagnetizerMiror Magnetizer4 tuntia sitten
  • When I saw the _lean_ monoethanolamine being shot out as a purple liquid at 23:08 I giggled big time, then immediately understood that I can’t be trusted to participate in adult conversations.

    Slenderbanana880Slenderbanana8804 tuntia sitten
  • A Clinker is a term from blacksmithing. it is a chunk of slag that settles in the bottom of the forge. the slag is Fe203 so the exact same thing as the by-product of that candle

    NeolithxNeolithx4 tuntia sitten
  • They just have plants everywhere

    cabbage duskcabbage dusk4 tuntia sitten
  • STOP speaking with that HOT potatoe in your mouth. tyvm, plus stop this very basic ape language.

    jcbarouxjcbaroux4 tuntia sitten
  • The chlorate candle is exactly how they make supplemental oxygen for passenger in airliner in case of an emergency depressurization. And mishandling of those candle have actually brought down a passenger airliner, when some expired candles were ignited in the cargo hold, which did not have active fire suppression, but relied on being airtight to starve any fires of oxygen. However since the candles were generating oxygen, the fire kept burning and burning so hot that it burned through the cargo hold into and cabin as well as burning through vital components like control cables

    dragonage200dragonage2004 tuntia sitten
  • Okay but like we don’t just breathe oxygen 78 percent of the air we breathe is nitrogen so like where do they get that from?

    Politically RetardedPolitically Retarded4 tuntia sitten
  • Good to know even the navy use h10 pro's

    mo momo mo4 tuntia sitten
  • Me an intelectual: so were gonna need an aquarium omboard for fu... uhm oxygen yeah...

    MilesMiles4 tuntia sitten
  • Thank you for making the Chinese government Smarter Everyday. The money has been sent to your wife's account.

    Mark Vincent CocjinMark Vincent Cocjin4 tuntia sitten
  • There are more planes in the ocean than submarines in the air

    Mr. Burning SkullMr. Burning Skull4 tuntia sitten
  • Because air doesnt run out of submarines

    Mr. Burning SkullMr. Burning Skull4 tuntia sitten
  • I clicked on this as soon as I saw the title... My curiosity took over.

    Adam KeeAdam Kee4 tuntia sitten
  • How i ended up watching 30 mins about Oxygen... :D Amazingly done!

    fl4shrfl4shr4 tuntia sitten
  • Sodium Chlorate as in weed killer we used years ago ?

    TeggsyTeggsy4 tuntia sitten
  • Austin Evans works on a sub?!?!?

    Leo CruzLeo Cruz4 tuntia sitten
  • "not sure why its called clinker" that boy has never been around a traditional blacksmith.

    Holley RagnarokHolley Ragnarok4 tuntia sitten
  • 27:08 i want that racoon on my ear

    Guillermo PlateroGuillermo Platero4 tuntia sitten
  • See what he says when you ask him to see the nuclear ☢️ reactor on board lol 😂

    David SkogDavid Skog5 tuntia sitten
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